Black Pepper

Black Pepper- The king of Spices

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is flowering vine in the family Piperceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is generally dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit is drupe (stone fruit) which is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter (fresh and fully mature), dark red, and contains a stone which encloses a single pepper seed. Peppercorns and the ground pepper extracted from them may be described simply as pepper , For instance, the cooked and dried unripe fruit is black pepper, the green pepper is from the dried and unripe fruit, and white pepper is the seeds from the ripened fruit of the plant. Its spiciness is due to the chemical compound piperine, which is a different kind of spice from the capsaicin of chilli peppers.



Black pepper is the world’s most traded spice, and is one of the most common spices added to culinary around the world. Ground, dried, and cooked peppercorns have been used both for and also as a traditional drug. It’s played a vital part in history and has been considered an important spice from centuries. In ancient Greece, it was also used as currency. Later, it became pivotal in the spice trade across the world.

Black pepper is a versatile spice and it has become an essential of kitchen worldwide. With its subtle heat and bold flavour can enhance any dish. A dash of ground black pepper can be a delicious seasoning for cooked vegetables, salads, pasta dishes, meat, fish, poultry, and several other. 

Black peppercorn is a spice used in numerous dishes around the world. It’s sold as either whole peppercorns in a number of different kinds, or as ground black pepper. Black pepper enhances the flavour of food, adding depth and some spice.


Vietnam, India and Indonesia  are the largest producer and exporter of pepper.  Black pepper is used in cooking and garnishing in cuisines all over, comes with lots of health benefits.

The Spice comes from western ghats of India. Black pepper is native to the Malabar sea coast of India, and the Malabar Pepper is mainly cultivated there and in other tropical regions.

 In India ,black pepper is mainly grown in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Konkan, Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar islands.

India is No.1 cultivator, consumer and exporter of black pepper in the world. This spice has significance due to foreign exchange earnings from exports. This spice is also called as “Black gold” due to its international trade factor.

Black pepper is called the ‘King of Spice’ because of its numerous health benefits.

Here are some of the benefits about this amazing spice:

1)Helps in losing weight:It helps to lose weight and this can be added to green tea and consumed two to three times a day. This is because this spice has a rich content of phytonutrients that helps in breaking down redundant fat. This also improves your body’s metabolism. Green tea plus a pinch of black pepper in it can help you lose weight. This needs to be added to your everyday diet

2)Black pepper detoxifies your body by helping it relieve of toxic waste either through perspiration or urination. Therefore, it naturally cleanses the body from the inside.

3)Black Pepper prevents cancer: Black pepper is said to prevent cancer. Carotenoid, an antioxidant in black pepper along with vitamin A, reduces the risk of cancer.

4)Black Pepper keeps respiratory tract healthy :Regular consumption of black pepper keeps the respiration healthy. It clears chest, sore throat and keeps the nasal passage clean. Kadha , the health mixture that is prepared at Indian homes, mandatorily contains this component. The kadha is prepared by mixing black pepper and turmeric to the milk. This drink is usually given to people suffering from severe cold. 

5)Cleanses your intestines and stomach :Black pepper helps in good digestion and when it is consumed raw, hydrochloric acid is released by the stomach and helps in breaking down the proteins. Hydrochloric acid helps in cleaning your intestines and prevents constipation.

6)Black pepper consists of potassium that helps in regulating heart rate and high blood pressure and helps in producing red blood cells. It appears to stimulate regions in the brain that could improve cognitive function and thereby help cases of Alzheimer’s, dementia, and other cognitive malfunctions.

7)Prevents skin deformation & wrinkles : It prevents skin pigmentation (Vitiligo). This condition makes your skin appear white and this is also called white patches. Black pepper protects your skin from any kind of skin pigmentation and helps maintain the original colour of your skin. Wrinkles and skin problems are controlled if you consume black pepper from an early age. It also prevents early ageing and dark spots too.

8)Absorption of nutrients

When consumed with other nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables, black pepper benefits the body’s capability to absorb maximum nutrition. It increases the bio-availability of nutrients by providing their benefits with different body parts.

Cumin and Benefits


Cumin - Color4Soul

Cumin is the dried seed of the herb Cuminum cyminum, a member of the parsley family.The term comes via Middle english and Old french from the Latin term cuminum.Cumin is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae , native to the Middle East and stretching east to India.Its seeds each one contained within a fruit, which is dried are used in the dishes of numerous cultures in both whole and ground form.cumin has been in use as a spice for centuries.

Cumin is the dried, white fruit with greyish brown colour of a small slender herb.Cumin seeds have sharp odour and bitter taste. It is used as a seasoning, and is an essential component in curry powders, seasonings of breads, cakes and cheese.Cumin seed oil is used in perfumery and for flavouring liqueurs and cordials.

Cumin is the mostly used spice in Indian cuisine and is known as Jeera. It forms a perfect combination with mustard seeds especially in vegetarian dishes. Once ground it is used in gravies and various masala powders.An essential component in Indian food, cumin adds nutty, warm flavours and dimension to numerous dishes. Whole cumin seeds can be added to tempering. The roasted and grounded cumin is great for adding in the cooking process. Cumin adds an earthy tone and body to soups, dals, and curries.

Jeera Rice | MariasMenu

India is the world’s largest cumin producing country, contributing about 70% of total world production . The other major cuminproducing countries are Syria (13%), Turkey (6%), UAE (3%), and Iran .Although no standard data is available on world jeera output, it is anticipated to be around 5-6 lakh tonnes. Syria is the second largest cultivator followed by Iran and Turkey.

Rajasthan and Gujarat are the major Indian states that produce cumin. Of these, Gujarat produced nearly 330 thousand metric tons in financial year 2020. The total crop of cumin that year amounted to 546 thousand metric tons, over an area of 841 thousand hectares.

Gujarat is the single largest producer of jeera in the country accounting for over 60-70% of total production and the rest of the crop comes from Rajasthan. Gujarat and Rajasthan together produce around 99% of jeera  in the country while the other states produce negligible amounts.

Benefits of Cumin:

  • Cumin seeds have antioxidants.Antioxidants help you feel healthier and energetic, and they help keep your skin from looking aged.
  • According to trials, cumin has anticarcinogen properties.Cumin appears to have the capability to keep cancer cells from multiplying.
  • Researches have shown that cumin can treat diarrhoea.Cumin and Black Pepper can also help in digestive problems as nausea, bloating and irritable bowel syndrome.
  • Cumin may be useful to treat diabetic patients.It also helps body to control high cholesterol levels and overall well being of the heart.
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  • Cumin has anti inflammatory and anti sceptic properties.It has been seen that cumin reduces the inflammation and pain in the body.
  • Cumin may be suitable to help treat Parkinson’s disease because of its contribution to the body’s central nervous system function.
  • Cumin has anti microbial and anti fungal properties.Cumin fights bacteria and parasites.Cumin helps to kill harmful bacteria that attacks the immune system.It also acts as immunity booster.
  • Cumin seeds are naturally rich in iron.One teaspoon of ground cumin contains 1.4 mg of iron.Iron is an essential element for the formation of hemoglobin in the blood required for transport of oxygen.

Turmeric and its benefits


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Indian food needs turmeric. Turmeric, a ground spice has an  striking yellow colour and has many health benefits. Turmeric has great anti-inflammatory properties. This spice gives Indian dishes a beautifully rich colour. Turmeric is made from the root of a plant in the ginger family Curcuma longa (Family: Zingiberacea). It has been used in Asia for centuries as a colouring dye, food colouring, and in Indian traditional drug.

India produces nearly all of the world’s turmeric crop and consumes 80% of it. With its inherent properties and high content of the important bioactive element curcumin, Indian turmeric is considered to be the best in the world. Erode, a city in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is the world’s largest cultivator of and the most important trading centre for turmeric. It is also known as “Turmeric City”. Sangli, a city of Maharashtra, is next only to Erode.

10 Proven Health Benefits of Turmeric and Curcumin

India is by far the leading producer and exporter of turmeric in the world. Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Orissa, Karnataka, West Bengal, Gujarat, Meghalaya, Maharashtra, Assam are some of the important states cultivating turmeric, of which, Andhra Pradesh alone occupies 38.0% of the area and 58.5% of production. Turmeric occupies about 6% of the total area under spices in India. Turmeric stands third in the total exports of spices from India.

India exports turmeric to North America, which is one of its largest market ,Europe has also been the fastest growing market.

India also exports to UAE, Iran, the US, Sri Lanka, Japan, the UK, Malaysia and South Africa.Turmeric is also cultivated in China, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Nigeria. The other countries which contend with India in turmeric exports are Myanmar, Indonesia and the Netherlands.

There are around 30 varieties that have been recognised in the type of Curcuma in which turmeric belongs. Amalapuram, Armour, Dindigam, Erode, Krishna, Kodur, Vontimitra , P317, GL Purm I and II, RH2 and RH10 are some popular Indian kinds among them.

Health Benefits of turmeric:

1)Curcumin is a natural anti-inflammatory compound.Turmeric is being used in India as an anti-inflammatory agent to treat gas, toothaches, chest pains, and menstrual imbalance.

2) Turmeric curbs early aging. It contains antioxidants and anti-inflammatory elements. These characteristics may give natural shine to the skin. Turmeric also revives the skin by bringing out its natural glow.It is used for curing of injury and used in beauty treatment as well.

10 Top Health Benefits of Turmeric | Man of Many

3)Turmeric contain a property of antioxidants; numerous studies suggest that they are inhibit tissue injury and swelling due to blood sugar and cholesterol. Antioxidants like curcumin looks for free radicals that produce inflammation. By reducing oxidative stress, they can also reduce inflammation.

4)Spices play a significance part as anti-proliferative, anti-diabetic, and anti-inflammatory. They act in curing of diabetes, cardiovascular conditions, arthritis, and certain cancers.

5)Curcumin has benefits against depression.Curcumin, the bioactive element present in turmeric, has been linked to treating anxiety , depression , and more due to it boosting serotonin and dopamine levels.

6) A study suggests curcumin may curb the development of atherosclerosis, or clogged arteries, a crucial threat factor for heart attacks and strokes. Turmeric may help in keeping the heart healthy by improving the function of the lining of your blood vessels. Hence, this helps regulate your blood pressure, blood clotting and other factors vital to heart health.

7)Turmeric-based compounds have also been touted as one of the best treatments for Alzheimer’s, arthritis, and breast cancer.Turmeric may help thwart the breakdown of brain cells that occur in Alzheimer’s disease.Turmeric may curb the formation of plaques in the brain. 

8)Some studies suggest the curcumin in turmeric and black pepper has a variety of health benefits, including fighting cancer cells. They have learnt it might work against lung, breast and prostate cancers. Others suggest that curcumin might help chemotherapy work .

9) Curcumin which is present in turmeric may give relief for osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and other inflammatory arthritic conditions.Turmeric can help curb cardiovascular condition , cancer, and Alzheimer’s. It may have benefits for longevity as well.

Essential Spices of India


In India, food was always considered important to a person’s devoutness. There were numerous rules and rituals regarding food. As it was believed that a person’s mind and geste was affected by nutrition, so food habits were taken seriously.

Due to the vast demographics in India, the region, religion influenced the Indian cuisine to a great extent. Indian culinary reflects an centuries of history of various groups and societies communicating with the Indian sub-continent leading to diversity of flavours and culinary in ultra modern India with the British,French and Portuguese style of cookery also having their share in impacting the unique and distinct Indian cooking.

The common cord still throughout the centuries remain the different mixing of spices that constantly gave Indian food its distinct flavour, aroma, and taste.

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Spices have always played a vital role in Indian cuisine since centuries. Traditionally spices, as a part of diet have overall impact on health. India is the world’s largest consumer and exporter of spices, India produces about 75 of the 109 variety of spices listed. Being referred as the spice bowl of the world, India has also inspired numerous people from various countries to explore it. The varied climates of India encourage growth of different spices with strong, flavourful and numerous health benefits.

Spices are the most important items of the kitchen. The part of spices was not just limited to increase the colour, flavour and taste of the food but also used for its preservative and medicinal values. Spices is the part of numerous productions as Medical, Pharmaceutical, Cosmetic, Perfumery and several other.

Indian spices have displayed numerous properties that has health promoting and protecting benefits for chronic health conditions. Spices are good source of vitamin B, Vitamin C, Iron ,calcium and other antioxidants. The spices act as anti-proliferative, anti- hypercholesterolemia, anti-diabetic and anti -inflammatory effects.  Spices aid in curing numerous ailments like diabetes,  cardio- vascular conditions,  arthritis, cancer and AIDS.

Some of the essential spices of the kitchen are:                                                                   

Turmeric is a pungent, earthy Indian spice used in almost all dishes. It gives a beautiful golden colour to the dish. It has enormous health benefits in ailments like Cancer ,Parkinson’s infection ,Alzheimer’s and AIDS. It is an antioxidant and reduces inflammations.

It is a part of several masala mixes and is used both in grounded form and whole. Jeera has pungent taste and smell which is easily recognisable. It boosts the immunity ,relieves from stomach pain and also acts as an iron supplement.

  • Cardamom

Cardamom is a sweet and flavourful spice with a rejuvenating taste. It is used in food, sweets and is also added in tea for its flavour. It relieves cold, joint pain and also regulates blood pressure.

Black Pepper has a spicy aspect to its taste and it is a native spice of Malabar seacoast of India. It is used in a lot of dishes and is a common addition to dishes world-wide. Its health benefits include relief from constipation, diarrhoea, ear pain, gangrene and heart conditions.

  • Clove

Clove is a uniquely warm, sweet and flavourful spice which is also an essential part of garam masala. Laung is a sharp flavoured spice which freshens the breath also and is eaten after food. It can be used to fix an upset stomach and is an expectorant.

  • Mustard Seeds

Mustard Seeds has a slightly sour and slightly bitter taste which hits the nose intensely. Whether as seeds or as Mustard oil, it is an essential part of cuisines, with a rich flavour adding to the taste. It provides Vitamin B Complex and prevents asthma, arthritis, rheumatoid condition and muscle pain. 

  • Nutmeg

Nutmeg is used widely in cooking. Its excellent flavour makes it one the favourite flavours in India. It has antioxidant properties, encourages red blood cell formation, cures sleep disorders and also freshens breath.

  • Cinnamon(Mace)

Cinnamon has a sharp but sweet flavour which is an essential element in non-vegetarian curries. Its strong flavour masks the taste of meat. Cinnamon has variety of medicinal properties and is an antioxidant. It has the capability to control blood glucose and diabetes.

  • Coriander

Coriander is one of the oldest known spices i and is used all over the world. It is a base for numerous spice mixes because of its freshness and citrus notes. Coriander is useful for digestion, lower cholesterol, diabetes and it also improves hair and skin quality.

  • Saffron

Saffron is the most highly priced spice in the world due to its labour intensive process and exceptional qualities. It is costlier than gold by weight. It is a unique and strong spice which has a floral aroma. Saffron is helpful in digestion and appetite.

The intoxicating aroma of Indian spices have been savoured around the globe since centuries and it is an essential part of cooking not just in India but all around the world. The health benefits combined with the unique taste make for a significant combination .

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