Black Pepper- The king of Spices

Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is flowering vine in the family Piperceae, cultivated for its fruit, known as a peppercorn, which is generally dried and used as a spice and seasoning. The fruit is drupe (stone fruit) which is about 5 mm (0.20 in) in diameter (fresh and fully mature), dark red, and contains a stone which encloses a single pepper seed. Peppercorns and the ground pepper extracted from them may be described simply as pepper , For instance, the cooked and dried unripe fruit is black pepper, the green pepper is from the dried and unripe fruit, and white pepper is the seeds from the ripened fruit of the plant. Its spiciness is due to the chemical compound piperine, which is a different kind of spice from the capsaicin of chilli peppers.



Black pepper is the world’s most traded spice, and is one of the most common spices added to culinary around the world. Ground, dried, and cooked peppercorns have been used both for and also as a traditional drug. It’s played a vital part in history and has been considered an important spice from centuries. In ancient Greece, it was also used as currency. Later, it became pivotal in the spice trade across the world.

Black pepper is a versatile spice and it has become an essential of kitchen worldwide. With its subtle heat and bold flavour can enhance any dish. A dash of ground black pepper can be a delicious seasoning for cooked vegetables, salads, pasta dishes, meat, fish, poultry, and several other. 

Black peppercorn is a spice used in numerous dishes around the world. It’s sold as either whole peppercorns in a number of different kinds, or as ground black pepper. Black pepper enhances the flavour of food, adding depth and some spice.


Vietnam, India and Indonesia  are the largest producer and exporter of pepper.  Black pepper is used in cooking and garnishing in cuisines all over, comes with lots of health benefits.

The Spice comes from western ghats of India. Black pepper is native to the Malabar sea coast of India, and the Malabar Pepper is mainly cultivated there and in other tropical regions.

 In India ,black pepper is mainly grown in Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Konkan, Puducherry and Andaman & Nicobar islands.

India is No.1 cultivator, consumer and exporter of black pepper in the world. This spice has significance due to foreign exchange earnings from exports. This spice is also called as “Black gold” due to its international trade factor.

Black pepper is called the ‘King of Spice’ because of its numerous health benefits.

Here are some of the benefits about this amazing spice:

1)Helps in losing weight:It helps to lose weight and this can be added to green tea and consumed two to three times a day. This is because this spice has a rich content of phytonutrients that helps in breaking down redundant fat. This also improves your body’s metabolism. Green tea plus a pinch of black pepper in it can help you lose weight. This needs to be added to your everyday diet

2)Black pepper detoxifies your body by helping it relieve of toxic waste either through perspiration or urination. Therefore, it naturally cleanses the body from the inside.

3)Black Pepper prevents cancer: Black pepper is said to prevent cancer. Carotenoid, an antioxidant in black pepper along with vitamin A, reduces the risk of cancer.

4)Black Pepper keeps respiratory tract healthy :Regular consumption of black pepper keeps the respiration healthy. It clears chest, sore throat and keeps the nasal passage clean. Kadha , the health mixture that is prepared at Indian homes, mandatorily contains this component. The kadha is prepared by mixing black pepper and turmeric to the milk. This drink is usually given to people suffering from severe cold. 

5)Cleanses your intestines and stomach :Black pepper helps in good digestion and when it is consumed raw, hydrochloric acid is released by the stomach and helps in breaking down the proteins. Hydrochloric acid helps in cleaning your intestines and prevents constipation.

6)Black pepper consists of potassium that helps in regulating heart rate and high blood pressure and helps in producing red blood cells. It appears to stimulate regions in the brain that could improve cognitive function and thereby help cases of Alzheimer’s, dementia, and other cognitive malfunctions.

7)Prevents skin deformation & wrinkles : It prevents skin pigmentation (Vitiligo). This condition makes your skin appear white and this is also called white patches. Black pepper protects your skin from any kind of skin pigmentation and helps maintain the original colour of your skin. Wrinkles and skin problems are controlled if you consume black pepper from an early age. It also prevents early ageing and dark spots too.

8)Absorption of nutrients

When consumed with other nutrient-rich fruits and vegetables, black pepper benefits the body’s capability to absorb maximum nutrition. It increases the bio-availability of nutrients by providing their benefits with different body parts.

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